Lithographic map from "Historisch-Geografische Atlas der Algemeene en Vaderlandsche Geschiedenis" of Europe during Charlemagne, showing the Carolingian Empire, the Avar Khaganate, the Khazar Khaganate , the Slavic people, the East Roman empire and the Kingdom of Fez (Morocco). With an inset of Spain and Portugal, after the conquest of 711.
Hand coloured. Published by printing house J. Smulders, the Hague. Lithograph D. Heyse, the Hague.